JUNE 12, 1993 ELECTION: FULL RESULTS



Since the 15th anniversary of the landmark June 12, 1993 election just passed, I thought it was an opportune time to publish the full results of the election. On June 15, 1993 the National Electoral Commission (NEC) released the results from 14 states (including the Federal Capital Territory). The following day (June 16, 1993) the Abuja High Court ordered that further announcement of the results should be suspended. Here are the full results of the election:

STATE

NUMBER OF NRC VOTES

PERCENTAGE OF VOTES FOR NRC

NUMBER OF SDP VOTES

PERCENTAGE OF VOTES FOR SDP

TOTAL VOTES

WINNER

Abuja (FCT)*

18,313

47.84

19,968

52.16

256,500

ABIOLA

Abia*

151,227

58.96

105,273

41.04

334,490

TOFA

Adamawa

167,239

54.28

140,875

45.72

414,129

TOFA

Akwa Ibom*

199,342

48.14

214,787

51.86

371,288

ABIOLA

Anambra*

159,258

42.89

212,024

57.11

847,274

ABIOLA

Bauchi

524,836

60.73

339,339

39.27

406,132

TOFA

Benue

186,302

43.06

246,830

56.94

282,180

ABIOLA

Borno*

128,684

45.60

153,496

54.40

342,755

ABIOLA

Cross River

153,452

44.77

189,303

55.23

472,278

ABIOLA

Delta

145,001

30.70

327,277

69.30

308,979

ABIOLA

Edo*

103,572

33.52

205,407

66.48

427,190

ABIOLA

Enugu

284,050

51.91

263,101

48.09

349,902

TOFA

Imo

195,836

55.14

159,350

44.86

228,388

TOFA

Jigawa

89,836

39.33

138,552

60.67

726,573

ABIOLA

Kaduna*

356,860

47.80

389,713

52.20

324,428

ABIOLA

Kano*

154,809

47.72

169,619

52.28

442,176

ABIOLA

Katsina

271,077

61.30

171,162

38.70

286,974

TOFA

Kebbi

144,808

67.34

70,219

32.66

488,492

TOFA

Kogi*

265,732

54.40

222,760

45.60

352,479

TOFA

Kwara

80,209

22.78

272,270

77.24

1,033,397

ABIOLA

Lagos

149,432

14.46

883,865

85.54

357,787

ABIOLA

Niger*

221,437

61.90

136,350

38.10

484,971

TOFA

Ogun*

59,246

12.22

425,725

87.78

964,018

ABIOLA

Ondo

162,994

15.58

883,024

84.42

437,334

ABIOLA

Osun

72,068

16.48

365,266

83.52

641,799

ABIOLA

Oyo*

105,788

16.48

536,011

83.52

676,959

ABIOLA

Plateau*

259,394

38.32

417,565

61.68

1,026,824

ABIOLA

Rivers

640,973

63.37

370,578

36.63

469,986

TOFA

Sokoto

372,250

79.21

97,726

20.79

469,986

TOFA

Taraba

64,001

38.58

101,887

61.42

176,054

ABIOLA

Yobe

64,061

38.41

11,887

63.59

38,281

ABIOLA

*States in which results were released. The results were released in 14 states only.

Vote Breakdown and Analysis


Voter turnout was higher in the south than in the north. The Social Democratic Party (SDP) candidate Moshood Abiola received over 8 million votes, and won in 19 states and the Federal Capital Territory. The National Republican Convention (NRC) candidate Alhaji Bashir Tofa received over 6 million votes and won in 10 states only. Over 14 million people voted. Abiola won in Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Kwara, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Taraba, and Yobe states, and the Federal Capital Territory. Tofa won in Abia, Adamawa, Bauchi, Enugu, Imo, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Niger, Rivers and Sokoto States.

Abiola’s victory was comprehensive as he won almost 60% of the total votes cast. Only in two states (Kebbi and Sokoto) did Abiola fail to obtain at least one-third of the votes. Abiola even defeated Tofa in Tofa’s home state of Kano.

Voting Patterns

Although the voting pattern has subsequently been cast as unprecedented in cutting across ethnic, religious and geographic patterns, the true picture is a little more subtle. It is true that Christians voted for Muslim candidates. However Christians had little choice in the matter as the Presidential candidates of both parties were Muslim. The SDP was led by two Muslims: Abiola, and his Muslim vice-presidential candidate Babagana Kingibe. The NRC was also led by a Muslim candidate: Alhaji Bashir Tofa. Although Tofa’s running mate was Christian, both Tofa and Kingibe were Kanuri Muslims. Hence the concept of Christians voting for Muslims was an in-built certainty as any vote necessarily had to be for a Muslim since both presidential candidates were Muslim. Additionally, voting patterns in the south-west were solidly ethnic as the overwhelming majority of votes cast were for Abiola. In the south-west mainly Yoruba states of Ogun, Ondo, Osun, and Oyo, Abiola scored crushing victories, and received over 80% of the votes in each of those states. He also received over 85% of the votes in Lagos state.

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6 responses

  1. abimbola ajuwon | Reply

    GOD WILL NOT FORGIVE IBB.

  2. Abiola’s enemies are the major and founder of every problems my lovely country; nigeria is facing now…..May the LORD GOD made an encounter with the said anti-niger……May the Lord forgive them and come to our aide in this hard time….GOD BLES NIGERIA!

    1. National Electoral Commission.

  3. Kehinde Ayoola JP | Reply

    Hello Max. Please may I have your kind permission to use this for a book I’m writing?

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