Nigeria’s Founding Fathers: Obafemi Awolowo, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Tafawa Balewa, Ahmadu Bello
Nigeria Celebrates its Independence – October 1, 1960
The Story of Nigeria – a Nation was Born 100 Years Ago
Major-General Aguiyi-Ironsi Takes Power
Murtala Muhammed Overthrows Yakubu Gowon
Ojukwu Interviewed Before the Civil War
Ojukwu and Biafran Soldiers Prepare to Face the Nigerian Army
Daily Life in Biafra
Major-General Gowon and Colonel Obasanjo Accept Biafra’s Surrender
General Gowon – Ojukwu was Cowardly and Ran Away
Nigeria’s First Elections – The Road to Independence
These videos are classics and chronicle Nigeria’s first elections – hotly contested by the Northern People’s Congress, National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons, the Action Group and Northern Elements Progressive Union. There is some wonderful archive footage here and interviews with the Sardauna of Sokoto Ahmadu Bello, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Obafemi Awolowo, Maitama Sule and a young Aminu Kano.
Even though 50+years old, the issues it highlights (cultural and religious differences between north and south) are still relevant today. The things that struck me most:
*The Sardauna’s complete disinterest in federal politics and focus on preserving the customs and integrity of the north. When asked whether he would become Nigeria’s Prime Minister or Governor-General, the Sardauna replied: “I would rather live here amongst my people and carry my traditional title than an imported one.”
*Azikiwe’s lack of partisan political ambition – saying it did not matter which of he, Balewa and Awolowo became Prime Minister.*The Sardauna’s irritation with Awolowo’s brash campaigning and desecration of northern traditions by hovering over/dropping leaflets on the Emir’s palace.
This is a must view. Enjoy!
Nnamdi Azikiwe Becomes Nigeria’s First President
Queen Elizabeth’s First Visit to Nigeria
Queen Elizabeth II’s first visit to Nigeria in 1956. She is welcomed at the airport by federal dignitaries including the Minister for Labour and Welfare Festus Okotie-Eboh and Governor-General Sir James Robertson.
MEMORIES OF A COLONIAL OFFICER IN NORTHERN NIGERIA
Nigeria’s Journey to Nationhood
A nice documentary profiling Nigeria’s journey from colonial era to independence. Lots of archive footage of independence conferences and the founding fathers like Azikiwe, Balewa and Shagari.
NNAMDI AZIKIWE SWORN IN AS NIGERIA’S FIRST PRESIDENT
PRESIDENT AZIKIWE SPEAKS ABOUT NIGERIA’S FIRST MILITARY COUP
Television Interview with Major Chukwuma Nzeogwu
Gowon and Ojukwu at Aburi in Ghana
BBC DOCUMENTARY ON THE NIGERIA-BIAFRA WAR
This is a series of documentaries on Biafra. Produced by THE bbc, these videos feature footage of the battles and air raids, and interviews with the key players such as Gowon and Ojukwu, plus civilian and military participants and witnesses to the war such as Fredrick Forsyth.
Execution of Biafran Soldier (**Warning: Graphic Content)
Ojukwu’s Speeches During Biafra
Biafran National Anthem:
NTA DOCUMENTARY ON THE NIGERIAN CIVIL WAR: “NO VICTOR NO VANQUISHED”
This is another series of documentaries on Biafra. Produced by Nigeria’s own NTA, these videos feature interviews with the key players such as Gowon, Ojukwu, Babangida, Maj-Gens Mohammed Shuwa, Adeyinka Adebayo, Godwin Abbe, George Innih, and David Ejoor, Brigadiers Samuel Ogbemudia and Mobolaji Johnson, plus civilian participants like Philip Asiodu and Ahmed Joda who were key players in the abortive negotiations prior to the war.
Of great vintage is the footage of the Aburi debate in Ghana in 1967. Amazing footage of Ojukwu chatting with Gowon, Hassan Katsina, Commodore Joseph Wey and other members of the federal delegation to Aburi.
President Shehu Shagari is Overthrown: The Return of the Military
Nice video package about the overthrow of President Shagari in 1983 and Nigeria’s history of military rule. Sorry for the French commentary!
Burma Boy – Nigerian and African Soldiers in World War Two
Great documentary by Al Jazeera on African soldiers who fought in Burma against the Japanese in World War 2. Includes interviews with Nigerian soldiers of the campaign. I believe Brigadier Babafemi Ogundipe also fought in the Burma campaign.
TENURE ELONGATION IN NIGERIA
This is an excellent documentary regarding attempts by various Nigerian regimes to perpetuate themselves in power under the guise of “transition” programmes and constitutional amendments.
BABANGIDA AND VATSA: A WIDOW’S PAIN
This documentary regards the controversial 1985 trial and execution of Major-General Mamman Vatsa for allegedly trying to overthrow his boyhood friend and best man, Ibrahim Babangida.
THE OBASANJO AND YAR’ADUA TREASON TRIAL
Another video with excerpts from the 1995 Special Military Tribunal “coup” trial of several prominent Nigerians including General Obasanjo, Maj-Gen Shehu Musa Yar’Adua and Christine Anyanwu for allegedly plotting to overthrow the regime of General Sani Abacha.
SERIES OF VIDEOS ON THE ANNULMENT OF THE JUNE 12, 1993 ELECTION:
MKO Abiola Dies – the Struggle for Democracy: 1998
Very easy to forget what a precipice Nigeria was on a little over 10 years ago. Do not take democracy for granted.
NIGERIA’S POST-INDEPENDENCE LEADERS
These three videos are a run down of Nigeria’s leaders over the years starting from Abubakar Tafawa Balewa through to the current incumbent, President Yar’Adua. Also click the “Nigeria’s Leaders” and “Nigeria’s Great Speeches” pages on this site if you want to see more regarding these personalities.
TRAILER FOR NAIJ – A DOCUMENTARY
This is a nice selection of videos. The first is a series of old clips from famous Nigerians, including one of the Sardauna of Sokoto Ahmadu Bello who speaks in an impeccable old school British accent.
VIDEO FOOTAGE OF NIGERIA’S FORMER LEADERS
(including then Lt-Colonel Gowon, Major Mobalaji Johnson, Ojukwu, Tafawa Balewa speaking during Nigeria’s pre-independence constitutional conference in London, President Azikiwe speaking on the 1964 political crisis between he and PM Balewa. Some snippets of Major-General Aguiyi-Ironsi on the parade ground, and footage of his funeral too. Enjoy