Nigeria’s Forgotten Heroes: Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa


Nigeria’s 50th Independence anniversary is fast approaching. What do we remember of October 1st 1960?  Do we remember the man who received the instruments of independence on behalf of Nigeria? Other countries keep libraries full of books and archives about their first leaders.  All Americans know chapter and verse about George Washington.  Ghana’s Kwame Nkrumah is an icon.  What of Nigeria’s case? Are we accurately recording our history for our children and descendants?

The only book on Nigeria’s first Prime Minister Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was written by a foreigner. Little is known about Balewa.  In the first of a new series of articles on “Nigeria’s forgotten heroes”, I chronicle and attempt to release a little more information about Nigeria’s first Prime Minister.

Birth and Origins

In contrast with the largely aristocratic ruling elite in the north, many of whose ancestry derives from royal lineage, Balewa had very humble origins. His father was a slave who rose in service of the Madaki of Bauchi and became a district head.

According to family oral history, Balewa’s paternal grandfather Isa was murdered in front of his family by his rival’s agents. Isa’s widow then took her infant son to Bauchi, where the Madaki of Bauchi took her in. Abubakar was born in December 1912 in the village of Tafawa Balewa, in modern day Bauchi state. He was his father’s only child. The name of his birthplace was appended to Abubakar’s name (Abubakar Tafawa Balewa). Tafawa Balewa village takes its name from two corrupted Fulani words: “Tafari” (rock) and Baleri (black). This may have contributed to the “Black Rock” nickname he acquired in later life. Although it is widely (incorrectly) presumed that he was Hausa, Balewa’s father Yakubu Dan Zala was in fact of Bageri ethnicity, and his mother Fatima Inna was Fulani.

Education

He attended Quaranic school and learnt the first chapter of the Qur’an by heart. For his Western education he attended Bauchi Provincial School. According to his teacher and classmates he was a shy, quiet and not outstanding student. Although reserved by nature, he did commit a disciplinary infraction when he was caught outside school without permission, and smoking with his friends to boot. He was whipped as punishment.  One of his juniors at school was Nuhu Bamalli (later Foreign Minister). He later attended Katsina Teacher Training College (1928-1933) and graduated with a third class certificate. His best subject was unsurprisingly, English. He became a teacher and irritated by a friend’s remark that no Northerner had ever passed the exam for a Senior Teacher’s Certificate, Balewa duly sat the exam, and obtained the Certificate. He became headmaster of the Bauchi Middle School. He reported that the first white woman he ever set eyes on was Dame Margery Perham (a renowned academic on African affairs) when she visited Nigeria on an investigation of native administration.

In 1945 he and other northerners (including Aminu Kano) obtained a scholarship to study at the University of London’s Institute of Education (1945-1946), where he received a teacher’s certificate in history. When he returned to Nigeria he said he now saw the world with “new eyes”. Balewa said he:

“returned to Nigeria with new eyes, because I had seen people who lived without fear, who obeyed the law as part of their nature, who knew individual liberty”

He returned to Nigeria as a Native Authority Education Officer.

Political Calling

Balewa was no firebrand political radical. He may have remained a teacher for the rest of his life had southern politicians such as the flamboyant intellectual Nnamdi Azikiwe not pushed for Nigerian independence. Although not overtly political he founded an organisation named the “Bauchi Discussion Circle” in 1943, and was elected vice president of the Northern Teacher’s Association (the first trade union in Northern Nigeria) in 1948. Anxious not to be politically upstaged by the southerners, Northern leaders sought educated Northerners to serve in political posts. Balewa helped found the Northern People’s Congress (NPC), which was originally intended as a cultural organisation but by 1951 morphed into a political party due to the need to present a Northern response to the rapid and sophisticated political groupings emerging in the south.  Balewa was called into political service as the Bauchi Native Authority’s representative to the Northern House of Assembly.  The House of Assembly also selected him to become a member of the Nigerian Legislative Council.

Despite political involvement, Balewa remained suspicious of Nigerian unification and feared that the Northern Region would be dominated by the better educated and dynamic south. He said that “the southern tribes who are now pouring into the north in ever increasing numbers…do not mix with the northern people in social matters and we…look upon them as invaders. Since 1914 the British government has been trying to make Nigeria into one country, but the Nigerian people themselves are historically different in their backgrounds, in their religious beliefs and customs, and do not show themselves any sign of willingness to unite. So what it comes to is that Nigerian unity is only a British intention in the country.”

He later became the federal Minister of Works and in 1954 Minister of Transport and the senior minister and leader of the NPC in the House of Representatives. His conversion from regional to federal outlook came after he visited America in 1955 on a fact finding mission.  He reminisced that “In less than 200 years, this great country [America] was welded together by people of so many different backgrounds. They built a mighty nation and had forgotten where they came from and who their ancestors were. They had pride in only one thing —their American citizenship… I am a changed man from today. Until now I never really believed Nigeria could be one united country. But if the Americans could do it, so can we.

Position Without Power?

Even though Balewa was only the deputy leader of the NPC, the NPC leader the Sardauna of Sokoto sent Balewa to Lagos to become the federal Prime Minister in 1957.  The Sardauna had no interest in living in the south. When Nigeria became independent in 1960, he became the newly independent country’s first Prime Minister and received the instruments of independence from Princess Alexandria (cousin of Queen Elizabeth II). Although the country’s Prime Minister, he was not the leader of his own party (the NPC) and thus remained in the paradoxical position of being a head of government that had to defer to, and take instructions from his boss (the Sardauna).

A “Perfect Victorian Gentleman

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4twfjk3hoA4&feature=player_embedded

In 1963 he gave a spellbinding eloquent speech at the Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) inaugural conference of the Organisation of African Unity. As Prime Minister he maintained a thoroughly dignified comportment.  A British acquaintance called him “perhaps the perfect Victorian gentleman”. He gained several awards from the British: OBE in 1952, CBE in 1955, Knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in January 1960 and was awarded an honorary degree by the University of Sheffield in May 1960.

Balewa proposed an amendment to Nigeria’s constitution to give due recognition to the nation building role played by then Governor-General Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe. Balewa proposed that “Nnamdi Azikiwe shall be deemed to have been elected President and Commander in-Chief of the Armed Forces” because “Nigeria can never adequately reward Dr. Azikiwe” for the nationalist role he played in building Nigeria and achieving independence.  Azikiwe is referred to by name in Nigeria’s 1963 constitution, and to my knowledge Azikiwe was the only living individual constitutionally enshrined by name in his democratic country’s constitution.

Death and Beyond

On January 15, 1966 he was kidnapped from his official residence by armed soldiers who were executing Nigeria’s first military coup. He was missing for several days and a search for him was ordered by the new military regime headed by Major-General Aguiyi-Ironsi. His family and friends continued to believe he was alive. Rumours claimed the rebel soldiers were holding him alive and that he would be released as part of a prisoner swap involving the imprisoned Chief Awolowo.  However these hopes were dashed when his decomposing corpse was found a few days later, dumped in a roadside bush.  His corpse was taken to Ikeja airport in the company of Police Commissioner Hamman Maiduguri, Inspector-General of Police Kam Selem, Maitama Sule and his wives Laraba and Jummai who accompanied it as it was flown to Bauchi where he was buried. His body now lies inside a tomb declared a national monument. The tomb includes a library and a mosque. The famous race course square in Lagos was renamed “Tafawa Balewa Square” in his memory. His image appears on the 5 Naira note.

http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675061783_Abubakar-Balewa_Commonwealth-Minister%27s-Conference_Vehicular-traffic_ministers-seated

His mother Hajiya Inna died less than a year after him. He was survived by his four wives Jummai, Umma, Zainab and Laraba, and 19 children. He married Jummai (from Sokoto) when she was 13 years old. He also had a posthumous daughter (Zainab) who was born by Jummai two weeks after his death.  Although all of Balewa’s widows remarried after his death, their subsequent marriages collapsed and they returned to the Prime Minister’s house in Bauchi to live together.  Balewa’s third wife Hajiya Zainab (aka “Hajiya Umma”) died earlier this year at the age of 73.

His two sons in England were comforted and looked after by their headmaster Trafford Allen with the support of their guardian J.E.B. Hall, with their school fees at Epsom College being paid by the military government of General Gowon. His son at Keffi Government College did not know of his father’s death until the school caterer broke the news to him. His children include Mukhtar, Sadiq, Hajia Uwani, Umar, Ahmed, Haruna, Aminu (a journalist who has since died), Hafsat, Amina, Zainab, Yalwa, Saude, Hajia Binta, Yalwa (widowed early and became an organiser of women’s education), Rabi (resisted early marriage in favour of study), Ali (died aged 9), and Hajia Talle Aishatu (now deceased).

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73 responses

  1. wishes to my county

  2. Most rounded write up of the subject I have read so far and I have read quite a number. You are the only one (based on what i’ve read) that mentioned his immediate family. Details like this on other past leaders will be appreciated. Thumbs up

    1. Many thanks Queen. Much appreciated. More bios of our past leaders will follow in the weeks to come as Nigeria celebrates its 50th independence anniversary.

  3. Max, read a few of your write-ups in the past few weeks. You are doing a great service to a nation that I believe will yet find the paths of greatness. I thank you!

    1. Thanks for the great compliment Ayomide. Nice to know my work is appreciated.

  4. AMINU ABDU PAMPO | Reply

    THANK YOU FOR LETTING ME KNOW SO MUCH ABOUT MY HERO.

  5. Shuaibu musa Warri | Reply

    It is very interested when i read about our heros which i don’t i don’t know thank you very much

  6. A fantastic and well scripted historical piece of a Nigerian leader. As a student of history, I am blown away by the provoking insight it offers; which sadly hasn’t been shared or taught in our schools in Nigeria. I fear a generation of Nigerians will never know about our heroes past and their contributions cum sacrifice for nation building. To say thank you devalues the premium I place on your work and unbiased reporting. Well done!

    1. Many thanks for your kind words Richard.

      Many thanks for your post on my website Richard. Your points about this sort of historical narrative not being taught in Nigerian schools are apt. This is exactly why I write this sort of material. Hopefully – since we are in Nigeria’s 50th independence anniversary year, people will take notice of these forgotten historical figures.

      1. I’m leaving yet another line to commend you on this great work, Max! Thanks a lot for your well-detailed script! I appreciate your educating us about this iconic figure. We need people like you. Keep the good work up!!

        1. Thanks for the kind words Felix. Really appreciate it.

  7. zaynab mukhtar balewa | Reply

    Words can’t tell how delighted,grateful and honoured I am comin across this masterpiece..kudos to u and trevor clark: writer of “the right honourable gentleman”,a book about my grandfather from birth-death. Nigeria needs good citizens like u. THANK YOU

    1. Zaynab, please check your inbox, as I just sent you an e-mail. Trevor Clark’s book is a good read too.

  8. A million thanks to you for letting me know of my past heroes.May God reward you abundantly

  9. Words can’t express my happiness after reading this.How we wish that our Nigerian leaders of nowadys are so much sacrificial to the development of the nation like those before them not their pockets.May his soul rest in peace.Amin

  10. Great job, chronicling our history Max…ironic, isnt it, the fact that we didnt do this ourselves!

  11. I had actually come across a Youtube link about this late Prime minister when, out of interest, I’d researched about him. That was how I came across this website.
    In all honesty, I think that this is a magnificent record of history. I truly commend this writer on his splendid and concise record of events surrounding this renowned late Prime minister, Tafawa Balewa. The man was indeed well-educated and a perfect gentleman. I enjoy this brief clip of his interview,and really wish I could see more video recordings of his eloquent speeches.
    I really wish the wicked people didn’t kill him. Good people like him, for some reason, don’t last long. He was an ICON!

    1. Thanks again Felix. You are too kind.

  12. Ekuson Debango | Reply

    FELIX E.>>>>The man was indeed well-educated and a perfect gentleman.
    ++++It was the same well-educated man who caused so much havoc in Western Nigeria by removing the people’s choice, Awo, so that he could further his wicked control of the entire country.It was he who was also planning a military action so vile and despicable that had it occurred you would probably be saying differently.The Sarduana said it all when he referred to “sending my BOY Balewa to Lagos as his representative. The truth has not been told and all of you freshly minted PhD who were only born last night will continue to wallow in ignorance while your country continues its slide into decripitude.

    1. That was a nice try, Debango. You can’t take out any frustration you feel, whatsoever, on me. You must realize that I made no contribution to the mess our country is in today and that I have the right to an opinion. You probably have better opportunities than I do to make a difference. Since you know so much about history, why don’t you do better job that Max is doing here? Again, I must remind you to put that energy you have to good work; make a difference.

      1. Ekuson Debango | Reply

        My good friend what I am hinting at is the we have too many uncultrued young people like you now grauduating with PhDs who think they know it all. You people fail to dig into history to understand what really happened and why. You gobbled up any lies fed to you as fact when infact the fact is the opposite.The fact of the matter is taht two years before Nigeria was “granted” independence by God’s chosen people, the British, they had already appointed Balewa a minister to prepare him for eventual take-over of the instruments of governmant. This baised move was clearly illegal and pointed to an intent to falsify and rig the socalled first democratic election in the country. Balewa was simply not all together what is has been cut out to be. He was an instrument, a mere puppet of those who really pulled the strings behind the scene.Make him out as some intellectual at this late hour is simply unacceptable to people like me.As for the rest of you young peolple with Western knowledge who never stop to gobble any nonsense presented to you as fact, you are simply going nowhere with such intellectual deficit. Ask the proper questions and seek answer and then sift fact from nonsense. This truly is the beginning of wisdom. it so bothers me that a person like me who makes a living as a bus driver can drbble the heck out of you PhDs and leave you in a state of perpetual stupor. Granted I attended university for one semester but bolted because I did not think professors knew any better than I did to impart any shred of knowledge to me. I just did not want to waste my parents’ hard earned resources getting stupid. I found my comfort zone in what I currently do for a living and I am very happy doing it.

        1. I really am making strong effort to keep from getting person over this nonsense. You’ve already expressed that your perception of me is a youngster who is misinformed, as well as implied that people get stupidity out of education. It’s astonishing to hear the reason people give just to the real reason behind their weaknesses. Dropping out of school because of such ridiculous reason is anything but convincing. People get really smart from just getting educated, otherwise nobody would choose to experience the drills that go with education.
          I can understand why you have that attitude. Ask the people that have that education how professionals behave. If you do, make sure to not forget why professionals act in accordance with some set regulations. I’ve stayed around Nigerian bus drivers; most of them have one thing in common. Now, the sky is your limit; you may make a quadrillion inferences. After all, you’re a well-informed member of the geriatric population.

  13. Ekuson Debango | Reply

    FELIX E. : Here is a little reading assignment to help you understand what went wrong right from the beginning:

    http://www.dawodu.com/nicolson1.htm

    http://www.dawodu.com/cadet1.htm

    1. “Your comment is awaiting moderation”. It requires no great leap of the imagination to figure this out. Hell with censorship of any form. I intended to educate these youngsters with brains full of nothing but mush and now you are going to prevent me from performing my civic responsibilty?

      http://www.dawodu.com/cadet1.htm

      1. FELIX E.: I just gave you a very long rope.I am going to sit back and watch what you do with it. It is not looking good at all.

        http://www.wsws.org/articles/2007/aug2007/nige-a09.shtml

        1. Further reading for our youngsters. I am determined to push back the frontiers of ignorance.Being inordinately vain some of you may wish the current status quo to prevail.Your motto is “Semper Eadem” (Always the same). Count me out.

          1. More info for our all-knowing youngsters:

            http://www.nairaland.com/nigeria/topic-632130.0.html

            1. I will return after you’ve finished reading the little assignment meant to set you right. .I have little time for those I consider ill-bred, wilful,haughty, insolent and imperviou in nature. Most highly educated people, I have found, suffer from a peculiar mental aberration resulting from erratic blood flow to the brain. These sorts revel in peddling allegations which are embroidered and embellished ,eventually pass same as legend.This is simply a matter of shame and infamy so dangerous to the common amity that somebody must stand up to stop it. Hvave a pleasant one. Time tyo go to work.

              1. Guys, please keep it civil…or I will start deleting comments. I really do not want to do that.

                1. Do what you got to do.
                  Here is what you need to know about Balewa.
                  >>>Balewa in Brief

                  Trevor Clark’s biography is a loving life of an honest politician with no faults, who served Nigeria faithfully and was struck down while in pursuit of his ideals of peace, unity, and love of his disparate peoples…

                  Trevor Clark’s biography is of a family man, a teacher and farmer and reluctant politician, who loved the British who had served his country so well. As Prime Minister he held his turbulent country together for six years. After his death it almost fell apart in a bloody civil war…

                  Trevor Clark’s story is of a humble and deeply religious young teacher with high ideals who was totally incorruptible. His fine intelligence and wisdom, his golden voice and eloquence, his exquisite manners and good humour endeared him to all…

                  Trevor Clark takes some nine hundred pages to get this message, which I have condensed a bit, across. This fat volume is not only a tribute to the North, it is vast like the North, sometimes arid like the North, and heavy as a tombstone. Balewa was a party to census rigging, gerrymandering of the election in his constituency, rigging of Nigeria’s Independence elections, destruction of the parliamentary opposition, and a vendetta against Southern politicians. His dictatorial behaviour, his disruptive policies, his totally corrupt administration brought Nigeria to the very brink of self-destruction. Misrule, intolerance and pursuit of vendettas forced a peaceful and responsible officer corps to remove him from power. The coup was celebrated throughout Nigeria, crowds danced in the streets, and his beloved people ransacked and looted his home.

                  Balewa loved the British and was proud to be a lackey, an agent, a stooge of the colonial power. He did not seek independence, he did not want independence, he wanted the British to stay. Never was there a rebellious nationalist the likes of Balewa. Like many southern officials, I thought Balewa was a creep and a very small-minded little man.

                  ‘A Right Honourable Gentleman’ is no worse than many similar dusty tomes on politicians, who have held high office serving British interests. I quite enjoyed skipping through Clark’s many chapters transcribed from the ever-trusty mine of Nigeriana, ‘West Africa Magazine.’ It truly is a great labour of love. God knows why anyone ever thought it necessary to stick it together. It is a miracle of words processed doggedly, and highlights the dangerous facility of computers to knock out sentences and string them together without much effort or pause for thought. Who will sell it? Who will buy it? I trust those who do enjoy it will not believe it.

                  11 April 1992

                  1. Ekuson, I really have nothing against you and I know why I’d implied earlier that there was no need for the struggle. I only felt you should have used a better approach to correct me if you thought I was wrong. And trust me, I would have gladly looked into your suggestions. I appreciate the links you provided, and will access each of them.
                    To great Max, I want you to know that we didn’t mean to dent your informative website with unnecessary argument. I’m sure Ekuson agrees with me. Thanks for your moderation… and I encourage you to keep the good work up.
                    Again, to Ekuson, calm down…and thanks for all the links. Do not hesitate to send more informative links to me, because I’ll truly and certainly appreciate it. My e-mail is “val4noxo@gmail.com”.
                    Thanks, y’all and keep the information flowing!

      2. Calm down. No one is censoring you! Your post was probably flagged as spam bc you kept posting links! This site has an auto spam checker that blocks spam bots that repeatedly post links to other sites.

  14. Very good,keep it up.

  15. Thank you for this revealing post. I saw Abu Bakr’s interview on you tube and wanted to find more information about this rather impressive sounding man.

    The wiki article does not mention his ethnicity. The French and the Portuguese bought slaves from Quidah and Lagos. Many of the slaves in those ports were Youraba and others Muslim, and from Tafawa’s region and beyond. Places in the French Caribbean (Once St lucia and Haiti, and, naturally, Brazil) share directly in the story that is Nigeria.

  16. Allah Akbar

    1. JESUS IS THE ONLY AND TRUE WAY TO YOUR SALVATION. AMEN. INDEED GOD IS GREAT AND JESUS IS HIS SON.

  17. Gond man is good man every will used to remamber them god bls good laed

  18. ..This is more than an eyeopenner..it goes deep to fill up my quest on how our legends could be celebrated..thanks for this wonderful work it goes a long way..you are my hero..keep it up

    1. Thanks Olufemi for your kind words.

  19. Thank you very much i realy now no more about this great heroes

  20. Pls I will like to knw what he did to reslove the major crisis that plagued nigeria after independence. Thank you very much dis is a fabulous write up

  21. Nigerians are thanking you for great acheivement

  22. Does anyone have any news of Abubakar’s nephew, also named Abubakar Alhaji.? He studied in Bouremouth, in the south of England around 1960. I believe he also occupied a position in the government on his return to Nigeria. Thank you.

    1. He later became a minister and Nigerian High Commissioner to the UK.

      1. thank you max, i ‘didn’t know he became high commissioner for the uk. do you know where he is now?

  23. Dear Max,words can not express my joy,over your write-up.It is indeed a wonder one.Infact,i wish if you’ll call me on ”+2348133349465”for more……and also contact me on”www.facebook.com/ahmed.umarbolori”.I’ll be very much happier if my curiousity is been satisfied.(i’l be watting….)Good job keep it up;;;”';;;up.

  24. Akingbule Bayonle Stanley | Reply

    Oh! What a great loss we had then in my noble country Nigeria. Dear GOD, please raise good leaders in Nigeria and give us a heart of love that will defend the defenseless, help the fatherless and help the less privilege ones. Thanks for this article, i am really inspired to pray for my country and study well so as to assist my country and the nations from my own quota.
    Kind regards
    Bayonle St`Anley Akingbule

  25. Dear Max, I will very much appreciate if you can help me with the electronic (PDF) copy of Balewa’s biography by Trevor Clark via my e-mail. Thanks in ancticipation of your generous response. E-mail is ahmadujijow@yahoo.com

    1. err, Ahmed. Sorry but I can’t help you with copyright infringement! I suggest you buy a copy for yourself or get a copy from your local library.

  26. This biography is one of the most elaborately and at the same time concisely presented biographies

  27. A T B U BAUCHI STATE OF NIGERIA

  28. Sarah Griffiths | Reply

    A very interesting history of a real gentleman. Sorry it’s taken me so long to find it.
    I was at school in the 1960’s with one of his daughters at Felixstowe College in Suffolk, England. She was a really lovely person and I often wonder what happened to her after the dreadful untimely death of her father.
    Thank you again for taking the time to write such a wonderfully personal history of a great leader.
    Sarah.

    1. No problem Sarah.Thanks for taking the time to reply and share your memories.

    2. Claudine Diddams | Reply

      thank you for interesting information, but it is not what I was searching. I would like to contact Abubakar Alhaji Alhaji, who was a guest in our house in Bournemouth England in the 60’s. he was a student then and we have completely lost touch over the years. I am now living in Italy, but it would be a great pleasure if somenone could help me get in touch. thanking you in advance, Claudine Diddams

  29. mustapha mohammed | Reply

    such a great interlecture human that can’t be forgotten. Lost but never forget in the life history of nigeria

  30. KEep on doing and may god bless u

  31. 9c piece of work! I luv it. Kudus 2 d ryta. Hw i wish its a publishd buk.

  32. Tafawa balewa has bein a great man in d history of d world . He has bein honoured wit so much higly awards its bein a man of honour his name shal neva nd wil neva be 4goten rip to u sir

    1. Thanks a lot for presenting a well researched volume. Never had it so deep.

      I’m presently working on this project for publication.

      I wouldn’t know if you’ve got a right to the video clips. I wish to ask for permission to make use of it in my work. Please, can you grant me the priviledge to do so.

      A prompt response sent to my e-mail address will be most appreciated.
      Thanks.

      I’m happy to see that one of the PM’s grand daughters is reading your work. How I wish to ask her one or two questions about this great man.

      His memory is blessed!

  33. Oh alh forgive our sins balewa the strongest gentle leader may alh reword him abondantly

  34. I wl like 2 thankyou nd my honor ix wel in greatful, in such a way dat it wil continues raise on from yet 2 manufactation of d last our cos we ar hirghly nd very eager 2 swap nd exchanging ideas mean 2 respect one anada. I hope we shal continue 2 receive it nd reforgoten our hero’s one’ce again thnkyou very much 4 reminding our hero i.e Tafawa balewa village boy hu become d village skul master nd d new nation first prime minister. May he’s gently soul rest in peace. Amen

  35. […] His two sons in England were comforted and looked after by their headmaster Trafford Allen with the support of their guardian J.E.B. Hall, with their school fees at Epsom College being paid by the military government of General Gowon. His son at Keffi Government College did not know of his father’s death until the school caterer broke the news to him. His children include Mukhtar, Sadiq, Hajia Uwani, Umar, Ahmed, Haruna, Aminu (a journalist who has since died), Hafsat, Amina, Zainab, Yalwa, Saude, Hajia Binta, Yalwa (widowed early and became an organiser of women’s education), Rabi (resisted early marriage in favour of study), Ali (died aged 9), and Hajia Talle Aishatu (now deceased). source:http://maxsiollun.wordpress.com/2010/02/27/nigerias-forgotten-heroes-alhaji-sir-abubakar-tafawa-bale… […]

  36. Words can not adequatly express my sincere gratitude to the late sir abubakar tafawa balewa may his rest in perfect peace(Amin) a man who devoted his time for nation the building. The great hero of our time, we the people nigeria and indeed of the world missing you for your tireless efforts to ensured the unity of nigeria and africa as well. I’m using this media express you my thanks.

  37. […] cream of the northern elite in an atrocity perpetrated by the putschists. The casualties included Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Nigeria’s first post-independence prime minister, and Al-Haji Sir Ahmadu Bello, the premier of the Northern Region and, perhaps the most […]

  38. […] cream of the northern elite in an atrocity perpetrated by the putschists. The casualties included Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Nigeria’s first post-independence prime minister, and Al-Haji Sir Ahmadu Bello, the premier of the Northern Region and, perhaps the most […]

  39. […] cream of the northern elite in an atrocity perpetrated by the putschists. The casualties included Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Nigeria’s first post-independence prime minister, and Al-Haji Sir Ahmadu Bello, the premier of the Northern Region and, perhaps the most influential […]

  40. goodluck jonathan de more yu cheat de more god will judge yu in hereafter.

  41. […] cream of the northern elite in an atrocity perpetrated by the putschists. The casualties included Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Nigeria’s first post-independence prime minister, and Al-Haji Sir Ahmadu Bello, the premier of the Northern Region and, perhaps the most […]

  42. I am really inspire by your piece, it really shows that up to now, there patriotics who will contribute to the nation base on patriotism. Kudos to you.

  43. MANGA LIMAN KATAGUM | Reply

    UBANGIJI ALLAH YAJI KAN SIR ABUBAKAR TAFAWA BALEWA AMIN. thank allah helf nigeria ameen

  44. I Wish nigeria leaders to rul nigeria people in good way!

  45. Wish to my country to have good leaders like him

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