After 20 years of democracy in Nigeria, and the recent elections and swearing in of the president and National Assembly members, how has Nigeria’s democracy developed? What do the 2019 election results tell us about the country?
First is that the country is effectively a two dominant party duopoly with the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC) and former ruling People’s Democratic Party (PDP) controlling all 36 states of the country.
Moreso, there is a regional slant to the parties’ dominance. The APC won in all 18 states of the north and in 5 of the 6 south-western states. Conversely the PDP won in all states of the south-east and south-south, as well as the Federal Capital Territory.
Otherwise the country has become deeply polarized over the last 20 years by ethnicity, unemployment, income, education, and literacy. Additionally there is worrying political apathy in the south, where all-time low voter turnouts were recorded in some southern states.