Good interview with former Minister of the Federal Capital Territory Nasir El-Rufai. He claims that Boko Haram started as a peaceful organisation, but became violent after the former President Umaru Yar’Adua ordered the security services to crush them.
He says that Boko Haram, MEND and the OPC are all terrorist organisations since “any organisation that takes up arms against the state is a terrorist organisation”.
El-Rufai says the “state became a murderer” and that the “government became a criminal” after arresting and executing Boko Haram members without trial. He interprets the Boko Haram attacks as the group’s revenge on the government for the extra-judicial execution of its members, and rejects arguments that Boko Haram attacks are a northern-Muslim plot to destabilise a government led by a southern Christian.
El-Rufai also alleges that some attacks attributed to Boko Haram are actually the work of paid government agents, or the work of criminals. He says that the “government is a part of Boko Haram”. El-Rufai identified 4 parts of Boko Haram:
1) The original Boko Haram.
2) A government sponsored Boko Haram under the supervision of the security forces.
3) Criminal elements operating under the Boko Haram banner to rob banks etc.
4) Political rivals in north who use arms to settle disputes between them.
El-Rufai does not believe Boko Haram can be defeated by military means. He rhetorically asked “Tell me where in the world military action alone has solved an insurgency” (at 9:15). His suggestion is to “combine military action with diplomacy”.