WHAT REALLY HAPPENED TO ABACHA AND ABIOLA?


How quickly we forget. Flashback 10 years. The political situation was as follows:

  • Nigeria was being ruled by a ruthless and reclusive military dictator called General Sani Abacha
  • General Olusegun Obasanjo and over 50 other army officers were in jail on trumped up charges of coup plotting.
  • Nigeria had become a pariah nation after being expelled from the Commonwealth for executing Ken Saro-Wiwa and other activists who were campaigning for a fairer share of Nigerian oil revenues and against the environmental damage caused to their lands by the drilling and spills of big oil companies.
  • Lt-General Oladipo Diya, Major-Generals Abdulkareem Adisa and Tajudeen Olanrewaju, and several other officers were on death row awaiting execution for their role in another coup plot.
  • The winner of the acclaimed June 12 1993 election Chief MKO Abiola had been in jail for 4 years, kept incommunicado from the outside world.
  • General Abacha was on the verge of transforming himself from a military ruler to civilian President having strong armed all the 5 political parties (“five fingers of the same leprous hand”) into adopting him as their presidential candidate.
  • Genuine democracy seemed far, far away.

abacha3.jpg

Plus a lot of the “pro democracy” activists shamelessly abandoned Abiola to join Abacha (Olu Onagoruwa, Baba Gana Kingibe). Even ministers in Abacha’s regime were not safe. The Guardian Newspapers (owned by Abacha’s minister Ibru) was proscribed by a newspaper proscription Decree and shut down after it criticised the government. It was the paper’s continual criticism of Abacha’s regime that led to the near fatal assassination attempt on Ibru.

The Abacha -v- Abiola power struggle was holding the entire country hostage. Abacha’s thirst for power and Abiola’s unrealised mandate. Even if Abacha is removed, what to do about Abiola who won a credible election? Then the following cataclysmic events happened in the space of 30 days:

On June 8 1998 Abacha dies of a heart attack and is hurriedly buried without an autopsy by the time the news filters through to most Nigerians. Nigerians publicly celebrate the death of a reviled leader with wild jubilation. General Abdulsalam Abubakar quickly replaces Abacha and announces that Abiola will be released but that he had to realise that his mandate had expired. A lot of chicanery was used to get Abiola to renounce but he refused. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan is sent to talk to him and explain that his “term of office” had expired since 5 years had passed since the June 12 1993 election. All to no avail. Exactly one month after the death of Abacha, Abiola suddenly dies of a heart attack on July 7 1998.

With Abacha, Abiola and the June 12 issue out of the way, General Abubakar announces a swift 10 month programme for a return to civilian democratic rule. Just 10 months after Nigeria seemed doomed to perpetual military rule under General Abacha, the military steps down and a new democratic government is elected under President Obasanjo. The speed with which Abacha’s infrastructure was dismantled just seemed too contrived. With Abacha alive and Abiola incarcerated, most people thought democracy was years away in Nigeria. Just 10 months after his death everything he did was undone: his killer squad was dismantled, coup convicts and pro democracy activists released, Nigeria back in the Commonwealth, democracy restored, and the army back in the barracks. Note that a lot of Abacha’s cronies survived in office and resurfaced in subsequent dispensations (Sarki Mukhtar – NSA, Jerry Gana etc).

Somehow exactly 30 days apart, both men die of heart attacks. Abacha is prevented from becoming a civilian ruler, from executing the condemned men like Diya, Adisa and Olanrewaju, and a recalcitrant Abiola (who refuses to renounce his mandate) also dies. Problem gone, debate over, fresh start. All rather convenient isn’t it?…. How easily we forget….

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14 responses

  1. I still think that something untoward happened to both men, and it is a scary thought. In any event, I try not to give ear to conspiracy theories, and since both men shuffling out of the way was actually better for Naija, then so be it.

  2. Chxta “since both men shuffling out of the way was actually better for Naija”….wasn’t the ‘divine intervention’ just so convenient for everyone? The two people whose personal battle was holding the country hostage both disappeared off the scene in one month – allowing the country a fresh start.

  3. Your post is really an eye opener. It affirms the fact that in Nigerian affairs, there is more than meets the eye.

  4. Let’s leave these people alone and move on!

  5. Didn’t Hamza Al-Mustapha state during the Oputa Panel hearings that both Abacha and Abiola were poisoned??

  6. The American FBI with IBB planned it all out. Both men had to exit the scene for 9ja’s progress

  7. you asked me……abacha’s boys communed abiola;;;;abiola’s boys communed abacha……….period.

  8. ABUBAKAR ABDULLAHI | Reply

    Let’s pray 4 our formal late leaders,may their soul rest in peace.amen.life goes on.

    1. Why should their soul rest in peace when they create war and hardship to the people before their demise, Abacha and Abiola’s soul is roting in hell fire now “They should never rest in peace” go and look it up in your Holy book.(Quaran, Bible and Traditional court/Law of the land)You could only negotiate for peace when you are alive, once someone dies all the prayers and wishes that you made for the person is just to console your mind, it’s vanity to the lord especially in the case of big criminals like Abiola and Abacha. The more you prayed for Abacha and Abiola the greater you offend the Lord. So, watch it and be careful.

      1. Prince ahmad nagya | Reply

        None one on earth is perfect may god bless nig and its citinzens abacha and abiola are no more still may thire souls rest in perfet peace.

  9. Ekuson Debango | Reply

    Friends, when Abacha’s body was dicovered it was on the floor in a fetal position. That is all you need to know.I need not say any more.Abacha’s family continues to blame his death on Jerry Useni whom they accuse of harboring a succession ambition.

    1. A lot happened that day. Useni says he was not there when Abacha died. You know Nigeria…no one ever dies from natural causes. There is a conspiracy theory behind every death.

      1. Ekuson Debango | Reply

        My gut feeling is that this was an inside job initiated outside the country by some oil,gas, nad mineral interest group(s).I remember reading an interview by a very prominent diplomat who said you’d be surprised by what is in Abacha’s CIA bio. That there told me that way back in November 1995 when that interview ran, Saninegeria Abacha was simply a marked man.

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