A video documentary on Nigeria’s early pre-Colonial history, up till the mid-20th century.
A very unflattering report on Nigeria’s former leader General Murtala Muhammed written by the the American State Department shortly after Murtala came to power in 1975.
This is a memorandum sent to the US Secretary of State. The memo described Murtala Muhammed as “an erratic, vainglorious, impetuous, corrupt, vindictive, intelligent, articulate, daring Hausa”. Ouch. Not very flattering.
Motion picture covering the official state visit of Prime Minister Abubakar Balewa of Nigeria to the United States, including welcoming remarks by Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson and the Prime Minister’s response, events with President John F. Kennedy, an address by the Prime Minister at the Capitol, stops at other sites in Washington, D.C., and stops in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Chicago, Illinois, Knoxville, Tennessee, and New York City.
Great revealing interview with Ojukwu where he discusses several areas of Nigeria’s history including the January 1966 and July 1966 coups, the Awolowo -v- Akitola conflict, the Yoruba/Igbo “carpet crossing” saga, the political rivalry between Azikiwe, Ahmadu Bello, Balewa, Awolowo, Akintola et al, the 1966 pogroms and the educational disparity between northern and southern Nigeria.
These videos are classics and chronicle Nigeria’s first elections – hotly contested by the Northern People’s Congress, National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons, the Action Group and Northern Elements Progressive Union. There is some wonderful archive footage here and interviews with the Sardauna of Sokoto Ahmadu Bello, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Obafemi Awolowo, Maitama Sule and a young Aminu Kano.
Even though 50+years old, the issues it highlights (cultural and religious differences between north and south) are still relevant today. The things that struck me most:
*The Sardauna’s complete disinterest in federal politics and focus on preserving the customs and integrity of the north. When asked whether he would become Nigeria’s Prime Minister or Governor-General, the Sardauna replied: “I would rather live here amongst my people and carry my traditional title than an imported one.”
*Azikiwe’s lack of partisan political ambition – saying it did not matter which of he, Balewa and Awolowo became Prime Minister.*The Sardauna’s irritation with Awolowo’s brash campaigning and desecration of northern traditions by hovering over/dropping leaflets on the Emir’s palace.
This is a must view. Enjoy!
ITN report on Nigeria’s first coup on January 15,1966. Plus excerpts from Major-General Aguiyi-Ironsi’s first press conference.
Great documentary by Al Jazeera on African soldiers who fought in Burma against the Japanese in World War 2. Includes interviews with Nigerian soldiers of the campaign. I believe Brigadier Babafemi Ogundipe also fought in the Burma campaign.
Footage above of the moment that Rawlings handed over to Hilla Liman.
Rawlings’ 1979 court martial (above). For those wondering. His colleagues sprung him from jail and returned him to power.
Rawlings 1981 coup: