Al-Jazeera feature on youth unemployment in Nigeria. Despite Nigeria’s fast-growing economy and rich natural resources, there do not seem to seem to be enough jobs to go around for the hordes of young graduates each year.
Demographics are not helping either. Nigeria also has one of the fastest growing populations in the world, which is set to double by the year 2035. Rising unemployment + rising population growth = big trouble ahead.
The Dana Air plane that crashed in Lagos was bound for Abuja. The pilot noticed a problem and was trying to return to the Murtala Muhammed airport when the plane crashed into a building in a residential area in Lagos.
All 153 passengers on board the plane were killed.
List of casualties:
Photos of the wreckage
Egypt’s former president Hosni Mubarak has been sentenced to life in prison. He was convicted of complicity in the killing of protesters during last year’s uprising that forced him from power.
Mubarak’s two sons – Gamal and Alaa – were acquitted of corruption charges.
The rise and fall of Hosni Mubarak:
Mubarak was the former head of the Egyptian air force. He became the Egyptian President after the assassination of Anwar Sadat, who was shot dead by soldiers who were incensed that he made peace with Israel.
British Council report on gender inequality in Nigeria. The inequality is twofold: between men and women, and again there is a separate disparity between women in the north and those in the south.
The report considers areas like income, education, health, political participation and violence against women. Only 15% of Nigerian women have their own bank accounts. Over half of women in the north are married by the age of 16.
Summary of the report:
Interview with the Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan in Conde Nast’s Vogue magazine. Strange place for the Nigerian President to be interviewed (a female foreign publication about fashion and beauty!).
Great article in the Financial Times about Nigeria’s security challenge – as posed by Boko Haram. If you want to get a quick synopsis on the phenomenon of Boko Haram, the key passage is:
“[Mohammed] Yusuf, who named his sect “People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet’s Teachings and Jihad”, reasoned that elements in the modern education system conflicted with this interpretation of Islam – hence his movement’s nickname. “On education, he did not want mixed schools, or the teaching of evolution. He wanted children to have more time to study their religion,” says Mr Salkida. “But it was not just education. Democracy was alien to him, and he said he could not support a government whose constitution was not based on the Koran.”
A former Boko Haram member interviewed for the article was close by when Boko Haram’s former leader Mohammed Yusuf was summarily executed by the Nigerian police in 2009:
“Mr Salkida witnessed the fervency of Yusuf’s followers when violence first erupted in July 2009. On capturing a policeman – a fellow Muslim – they “slaughtered him like a goat”. At the same time, hundreds of Boko Haram members were thrown into police cells – as was Mr Salkida. When Yusuf was brought in, Mr Salkida heard police singing “no mercy, no mercy”. Yusuf was executed by an impromptu firing squad behind Mr Salkida’s cell.”
However Boko Haram continues to exist even after the death of its leader. The new leader is believed to be Abubakar Shekau, Yusuf’s deputy:
“Shekau was always studying and writing, and was more devoted and modest than anyone else. He would only wear cheap clothes and did not accept even to drive a car, preferring a motorbike. Even when Boko Haram was peaceful, he was somehow more feared than Yusuf.”
There is some hope that Boko Haram may become battle weary and can be bargained with:
“If there was a Muslim president tomorrow, this would not end. The war is not about individuals, it’s about institutions. Boko Haram sees the northern governors and emirs as part of the institutions…But I believe Boko Haram wants to end this, just not in a climate of uncertainty and insincerity. Compromises are possible.”
Morning everyone. Happy Monday. The above link contains photos of some houses in Nigeria. Food for thought for those who think Africa is full of nothing but poverty…
In other news, Dangote is apparently in talks with South African company Tiger Brands to sell a controlling stake in his flour company Dangote Flour Mills PLC for about $125 million dollars.
He also plans to spend $7.5 billion dollars in the next 4 years to expand his business.